Here is a breakdown of all the driving laws, legislation and rule changes
you should be aware of to avoid facing fines, driving bans or even a criminal record.
Child car seats
On March 1st child car and booster seat regulations changed.
Under the new rules, it is illegal to have your child’s car seat fitted incorrectly. Under the new rules, only children who weigh 22kg or more, or are 4ft 10in (125cm) tall will be recommended to use the backless booster seats.
All children who are under 12 years old or less than 4ft 5in tall (135 cm) will be required to travel in car seat. Once the child is older than 12 or reaches the height guideline, then they will be allowed to travel in the regular adult car seas.
Only EU approved seats can be used in the UK. Here is what you need to look out for to ensure you’re buying an appropriate seat:
Make sure you also check for an orange ‘approved’ label. On the orange approved labels there should be a capital E as well as the code R129. This signifies therefore it is a correct and suitable seat to buy.
If your baby is 15 months old or younger, their car seat must be rear-facing, any child older than that can ride in a forward-facing seat.
Car seats should be replaced when a baby’s head is level with the top of the seat. Babies that are under 9kg should also travel in a baby carrier and not a child seat.
When fitting a seat parents must ensure that only a belt with a diagonal strap is used unless the seats are specifically designed for use with a lap belt or you use ISOFIX anchor points.
It should be noted that if you are caught with an ‘unsuitable’ or wrongly fitted car seat then you could charged £500
- Backless booster seats will only be approved to children who are taller than 125cm or weigh more than 3st 6.5llbs
- Children must use a child car seat until they are 12yrs old or 135cm tall
- Only EU approved child seats can be used in the UK. These have a label showing a Capital ‘E’ in a circle
- Children may travel without a car seat if the journey you are taking is unexpected, necessary or over a short distance. this does not apply to children under 3 years old
- Children up to 15 months old must be in a rear facing car seat. They can move to a forward facing car seat when they are 15 months old.
- Children may travel in a taxi or minicab without a car seat if the driver does not provide one. They must travel in the rear of the vehicle, children over three must use an adult seat belt. Children under three can travel in the rear without using an adult seat belt.
- Children can travel in a coach without a car seat or seat belt if they are not available.
- Children travelling in a minibus must travel in the rear seats if there is no child seat. Children aged three or over must use a child car seat if there is one available or an adult seat belt if there is not a suitable child seat available.
- You must only use a child car seat if your car has a diagonal strap, unless the child car seat is specifically designed for use with a lap seat belt or is fitted using ISOFIX anchor points
- If there is no room for a third childs car seat in the back, children under three must sit in the front with the correct child seat. Children over three or older can sit in the back using an adult seat belt
- If you are travelling in a car without a seat belt, children under three cannot travel. Children over three can travel in the back without a car seat or seat belt if the vehicle does not have one.
Under the new speeding laws introduced on 24th April, drivers can be charged up to 175 per cent of their weekly wage.
There is a cap of £1,000 on minor speeding offences or up to £2,500 for major ones.
A three band system will determine the severity of an offence and corresponds to different charges.
These charges are calculated on a percentage basis.
A minor offence constitutes a band A charge. Band A charges are for drivers who exceed the stated speed limit between one and 10mph.
So, if a driver travels 31mph up to 40mph in a 30mph zone, they can be charged between 25 per cent and 75 per cent of their weekly income.
Drivers who exceed the stated speed limit by 11mph up to 20mph will be charged between 75 per cent and 125 per cent of their wage.
Major offences, which are for speed limit breaches of up 22mph and above will be charged between 125 per cent and 175 per cent of their week wage.
In addition to the variable fee motorists could land themselves with a driving offence of this nature, they could also receive between three and six penalty points.
EU speeding laws
On May 7, British motorists caught speeding in Europe could face £640 fines, due to a new Brussels rule.
Member states have been given powers to track down UK motorists and hand them the fines, if an offence is made.